What is Space Planning in Interior Design?

Space planning in INTERIOR DESIGN is a basic aspect of the interior decoration process. It begins with an extensive analysis of how the space is to be utilized. The designer then draws up a plan that defines the zones of the space and the activities that will take place in those zones. The space plan will also define the flow patterns that demonstrate how individuals will move through the space. The plan is ended up by including information of all the furniture, equipment and hardware positioning.

Points to think about when choosing how to design your space

  1. Think of the structure of the room, what are the main centerpieces? These might be windows, fireplaces, doors or integrated in units. Are they stabilized in the space? If not, think about what you can contribute to the space to assist balance the structure of the space. Keep in mind that the human eye is drawn to focal points, and will scan a space when entering it.
  2. Perception of space is based on body size. Various size spaces suit various size individuals: one person’s claustrophobic box is another’s cosy nest.
  3. Think about the space in regards to volume, eg: if it were a fish bowl, if you include a sofa, chandelier, sculptures, bookshelves, table, coffee table etc, you displace some of the water. Guarantee that you do not overfill the space.
  4. Aim to produce both a possibility and a refuge in each room so you can feel enclosed, but also have a view beyond to the outdoors or natural world. Utilizing Prospect and Refuge theory in a space can make it more comfortable for the human experience. “We prefer a shelter (sanctuary) with a view (prospect), because humans have their field of view to the front (prospect), therefore needing some sort of defense from behind (refuge).”.
  5. Plan your furniture with a scale drawing of your room or cut paper shapes to size and place them in the space to work out the best possible arrangement of furniture and devices.
  6. Make sure that the flow passageway through a room follows a simple and financial pathway from the door to all the other main activity locations.
  7. Clutter closes down space, so edit your clutter to prevent blocking both flow and reducing the perceived size of a room.
  8. In large or long spaces, subdivide various activity zones to offer meaning to each part of the space.
  9. When planning design and lighting, work with the principles that vertical lines draw our eyes up and horizontal lines draw them throughout to extend or reduce the proportions of a space.
  10. Wallpaper with a square grid or tiling a room in squares will provide the impression that it is bigger than it is– the smaller sized the grid, the bigger the space appears.
  11. Obtain space from outside by making sure a continuous view of the outside world. You can also ‘obtain’ space from adjoining spaces by using the same floor covering materials.
  12. When furnishing little spaces, blur the edges of the space to break up the lines in between floor and walls; draw furnishings a little method far from the walls; buy furnishings in proportion to the room; choose furnishings with legs to give the illusion of more space.
  13. Camouflage large couches by breaking up their upholstered surface with a various coloured or textured runner or folded throw.

Now that we understand a little more about space planning, lets have a look at some concerns that you require to ask yourself prior to creating a space plan for your own space.

Questions to ask yourself before creating your own Space Plan.

  1. What are you going to be using the space for? Will it be multi-functional? Eg: living/dining or bedroom/study?
    The number of individuals will be utilizing the space and will they all be using it for the same function? Eg: A family might utilize the same space; somebody may be viewing TV, while another checks out and another is working.
  2. Do you have any existing furniture that you wish to utilize in the space?
  3. Can furnishings be moved into or out of this room from other locations of the house?
  4. How do you want the space to feel, space-wise– open and airy, cozy, minimal, serene?
  5. Just how much natural light is available and what sort of lighting will be required?
  6. What are the centerpieces of the room and how can you benefit from them?
  7. Do you require to develop focal points?
  8. Do you like balance and proportion, the unexpected, or a combination?
  9. Exists anything else on your wish list for this space?

These questions will highlight the problems that your space plan requires to solve. Consider these points when creating your space plan and try to find an option that will work. You may discover that you need to jeopardize on a few of the points. That’s ok, you as the designer need to decide that will make the space work best for the client, whether that’s you or another person.

How to develop a Space Plan.

The Bubble Plan.


The manner in which I like to begin a space plan is by approximately extracting a map of the space and developing a bubble plan. A bubble plan is an easy diagram that will reveal you what activities take place in the space and the relationship between these activities.

For instance, in an open plan living location, you may have 3 or more bubbles, 1 revealing the kitchen, the other showing the dining location and another revealing the living location. Using bubbles will help you to define these spaces. When you are clear about where the activities are going to take place in the space then you can proceed to developing a scale plan.

Attempt to get as large a paper as possible to make it simple. I recommend getting a large A1/A2 piece of card and some pencils to do this with. You can then erase any errors you may make. Draw your space to scale on the notepad. Consist of window, door, integrated in cupboards/shelves, fireplace and lighting placements. You want to be able to see all the fixtures and functions on the plan.

Make a list of everything you want to have in the space and create scaled paper cutouts for each piece. You can then begin placing these scaled pieces of furniture onto your space plan. This will begin to bring your space to life and show you how you will have the ability to utilize the room.

Invest some time moving pieces around, this will assist you to believe in a different way about the space. Come up with a plan, and after that swop all the pieces around, see what this does to the flow of the room. Keep moving the pieces around up until you ‘understand’ which is best for the space.